Crespieul

SPECIFIC CLAIMS PRESENTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF CROWN RELATIONS - ABORIGINAL AND NORTHERN AFFAIRS CANADA

1. The sale and sale of the Crespieul Reserve (Odanak / Wôlinak)
In this specific claim, we retrace the history of the Crespieul Reserve for the period from 1851 (the year of the federal Crown's land distribution) to 1894 (the year of the creation of the Crespieul Reserve). We also reviewed the events that led to his surrender to the Crown in 1910 and his auction to a logging operation in 1911. We have finally found that the Abenakis were seriously wronged in the allocation of the Crespieul Reserve. . This is because of the federal government, by making this reservation in the Tuque region, was against the desires and needs of the Abenaki. Because he never gave the necessary protection to this territory that has been looted several times. That's without counting the demands of the Abenakis,

  • Location: Chabanel township, west of Crespieul township and south-west of Lac Saint-Jean and Roberval
  • Area: 33.8 square kilometers
  • Filming of Record with the Department of Indian Affairs: 1997
  • Settlement Agreement: 2007

2. The seigneury of Bécancour: the original limits (Wôlinak)
In this particular claim, we return to the history of Becancour's mission, that is, from 1707 (the year of the creation of the mission) to 1940 (the year of the purchase of seigniorial rents). We pay particular attention to the invasion of the territory of the mission. Here we are referring to the illegal granting of the lords of Bécancour in Lac Saint-Paul concession; the rank of the Little Chenail from Above; the Wild Village concession; the Hart Street Concession and Saint-Simon ranks, Saint-Henri North West Side and Saint-Henri Côté Sud-Est. We also examine the actions of the Abenakis of Wôlinak to defend what belonged to them; in 1803, 1843, 1852, 1857, 1858, 1862 and 1867.

  • Location: along the Bécancour River, 20 kilometers southeast of Trois-Rivières
  • Original area: 61.76 square kilometers
  • Current area: 0.80 square kilometers
  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 1998
  • Filing of the file on the Specific Claims Tribunal: 2012 (proceedings in progress /  sct-trp.ca/hom/index_e.htm )

3. Odanak and the Seigniorial Regime (1662-1863) (Odanak)
In this particular claim, it refers to the reservation of Odanak from its beginnings, in the year 1700, until the end of the seigneurial regime in 1854. The mission of St. Francis, name under which the Odanak reserve was once known, was enclosed in the seigneuries of Saint-François and Pierreville. It was also bordered by the seigniories of La Lussaudière, Yamaska ​​and Deguire. The Abenakis and Sokokis, as the Mission Indians were called, had many troubles with most of these lords. This is why we return to the beginnings of the neighboring seigneuries and the creation of the mission of St. Francis. We also cover the period when the Abenakis and Sokokis, acting as true lords, granted several censors to settlers. Finally, we show that the original territory of the mission of St. Francis narrowed like a skin of sorrows to cover, in the mid-nineteenth century, little more than the extent of the Abenakis and Sokokis village. Yet, they never stopped to abandon the lands of the mission.

  • Location: along the Saint-François River, 32 kilometers east of Sorel and adjacent to the municipality of Pierreville
  • Original area: 73.65 square kilometers
  • Current area: 5.6 square kilometers
  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 2003
  • Filing of the file on the Specific Claims Tribunal: 2012 (proceedings in progress /  sct-trp.ca/hom/index_e.htm )

4. The sale of 38 lots in the Domaine des Abenakis in Saint-François (1858-1884) (Odanak)
In this specific claim, we retrace the history of the sale of 38 lots in the Domaine des Abénakis in Saint-François. The estate was enclosed within the limits of the mission. It was bounded in front by the St. Francis River, the islands being part of it. The estate leant, to the north, to the seigniory of Saint-François. On all the other sides, it was limited by the lands granted to colonists by the Abenakis. It covered an area of ​​approximately 9.37 square kilometers. The Domain included the village of Abenakis. Located on the east bank of the Saint-François River between the Chenard Tardif and the marshes, the village had an area of ​​about 6 square kilometers, so a little more than the area of ​​the current reserve of Odanak. To tell the truth, the relations between the Abenakis and the Sokokis and the colonists established on the 38 lots of their Domain proved difficult, or even confrontational. That is why we are dealing with the lawsuit against one of them, Benjamin Jannel, in 1859. We also report the events surrounding the first surrender of the 38 lots of the Estate to the federal Crown in 1868; the three attempts to settle with the occupants of the lots between 1869 and 1878 and the new transfer of the same 38 lots of the Estate to the Crown in 1880. We claim to this effect that the assignments of the 38 lots were not legal; it does not respect the legislation then in force. in 1859. We also report the events surrounding the first transfer of 38 lots of the Estate to the federal Crown in 1868; the three attempts to settle with the occupants of the lots between 1869 and 1878 and the new transfer of the same 38 lots of the Estate to the Crown in 1880. We claim to this effect that the assignments of the 38 lots were not legal; it does not respect the legislation then in force. in 1859. We also report the events surrounding the first transfer of 38 lots of the Estate to the federal Crown in 1868; the three attempts to settle with the occupants of the lots between 1869 and 1878 and the new transfer of the same 38 lots of the Estate to the Crown in 1880. We claim to this effect that the assignments of the 38 lots were not legal; it does not respect the legislation then in force.

  • Area: 0.76 square kilometers 
  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 2005
  • Filing of the file at the Specific Claims Tribunal: 2012 (proceedings in progress /  sct-trp.ca/hom/index_e.htm )

5. Assignment of Right of Way to the Quebec & Montreal Southern Railway Company (1906-1946) (Wôlinak)
In this specific claim, we return to the facts relating to the transfer of a right of way from a railway to the Quebec & Montreal Southern Railway Company in the Wôlinak Reserve between 1907 and 1929. It should be noted that the The railway right-of-way was approximately 0.09 kilometers wide, beginning on the banks of the Bécancour River and extending to the southern limit of lot 582 for a length of approximately 0.58 kilometers. We are also talking about the return of the right of way to the federal Crown from 1943 to 1946 and the surrender of lands to the Abenakis of Wôlinak in 1972. Finally, we assert that the federal Crown breached its fiduciary and legal obligations, because in 1907 in 1913 she never attempted to verify the accuracy of the areas expropriated and the compensation paid.

  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 2008
  • File not accepted for negotiations

6. Assignment of a Right of Way to the Odanak Reserve (1882-2007) (Odanak)
In this specific claim, we are targeting the lands expropriated in 1902 and 1907 to form a railway right-of-way in the Odanak reserve. Our analysis focused more on the period from 1887 (the year when, for the first time, expropriation of reserve lands was discussed) until 1973 (the year in which the Canadian National Railway Company abandons the railway right-of-way). We also identify the encroachments and damages caused by the Great Eastern Railway Company on the Odanak Reserve (1882-1891). Added to this is an illegal transaction between the "South Shore Railway Company" and a man named Joseph Rascony (a non-aboriginal) for the right of way over a lot of the reserve and for the construction on it of a portion of the reserve. from the company's railway bridge (1896-1902).

  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 2010
  • File not accepted for negotiations

7. The sale and sale of the Coleraine reserve (1847-1933) (Wôlinak)
In this particular claim, we reconstruct the history of the Coleraine Reserve, based on the provisions contained in the 1851 Act and the 1853 Federal Decree, which set aside 2,000 acres of land in the Coleraine Township for the Abenakis. from Wôlinak. We are also talking about the surrender of the reserve to the federal Crown in 1882, noting in passing the licensing of logging and the sale of lots on the reserve. On the other hand, the federal Crown has been inexplicably lax in taking no action to stop the theft of wood on the reserve. She also did not ask for an estimate of the quantities of stolen wood, let alone an investigation to find the wrongdoers. Not to mention that it neglected, by putting on sale the wood of the reserve, carry out an assessment of its forest potential. Finally, we identify the amounts unpaid by the forest companies for the annual rent and the renewal of the stumpage license.

  • Location: the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, specifically between the municipalities of Disraeli and Black Lake
  • Area: 8.09 square kilometers
  • Filing of the file at the Department of Indian Affairs: 2012
  • Settlement Agreement: 2017

8. The Abenaki First Nations of Odanak and Wôlinak: The Sillery and Saint-François-de-Sales Missions (1632-1855) (Odanak) / (Wôlinak)
In this particular claim, we discuss the history of the Sillery and Saint-François-de-Sales missions. The first was landlocked in the seigniory of Sillery and the lordship of Lauzon for the second. We pay particular attention to the Abenakis present at the Sillery mission hospital in 1642, the marriage of their chief to a Montagnais in 1643 and the baptisms of several of them between 1646 and 1651. It is also a question of the the exodus of several hundred Abenakis from New England and Acadia to the Sillery Mission between 1676 and 1689, as well as their displacement to the mouth of the Chaudière River, more precisely to the mission of Saint-Laurent. François-de-Sales between 1683 and 1700. Finally, we claim that the Abenakis of Odanak and Wôlinak occupied the same rank as the Algonquins,

  • Area (seigneury (mission) of Sillery): 96.43 square kilometers
  • Area (mission of Saint-François-de-Sales): approximately 267.66 square kilometers
  • Case waiting for a legal argument

9. The Abenakis First Nation of Odanak and Durham Township (1791-1937) (Odanak)
In this specific claim, we are talking about the surrendered lands in Durham Township by the federal Crown, through the Letters Patent of 1805, to 17 Abenaki families of St. Francis (Odanak). It should be noted here that the territory was not considered a reserve under the Indian Act. We also return to the concessions of the township lots by the Abenakis and their heirs to settlers newly arrived in the region (1820-1854). The 1854, 1855, 1856 and 1860 laws passed by the federal government at the time, which legalized the concessions and guaranteed the payment of land royalties to the Abenakis and their heirs, are also part of our analysis. We claim for this purpose that these royalties due to the Abenakis, for the great majority,

  • Location: near the current village of L'Avenir, 37 kilometers from Drummondville
  • Original area: 36.05 square kilometers
  • Case waiting for a legal argument

Yvon Poirier
Land Claims Coordinator

SPECIAL CLAIMS TRIBUNAL